This post serves as a cheat sheet for differentiation. It just includes the most basic of the rules to be remembered when computing derivatives. First a little reminder on the notation being used in differentiation.
Leibniz’s notation for the first derivative of a function f(x) is
Newton’s notation for the first derivative of a function f(x) is
Lagrange’s notation for the first derivative of a function f(x) is
Euler’s notation for the first derivative of a function f(x) is
These notations are being used interchangeably and each seems to be more appropriate for some special cases, in which the mathematical expression becomes ‘clearer’ or ‘beautiful’.
In the following differentiation cheat sheet I am going to use Newton’s notation.
|Constant times a function
|Constant times a power
|Sum of functions
|Product of functions
|Quotient of functions
|Chain rule special
Let’s try to derive the extremely powerful differentiation method described in a previous post.
Let us consider the simplest case, in which
with a little bit of mixing (primarily) of the product rule and the chain rule we get,
but is is easy to see that from the original function,
Why do we need these two? simply because they showed up in the previous expression, in which we got stuck (momentarily), thus,